Sykes Picot Agreement Iraq

/Sykes Picot Agreement Iraq

Sykes Picot Agreement Iraq

In his doctoral thesis, Gibson discussed the role of oil in British strategic thinking at the time and mentioned Vilayet Mosul as France`s largest potential oil field in 1918 to accept its accession to the mandate of Iraq (the Clemenceau Lloyd George Agreement) in exchange for «some of the oil and British support elsewhere.» [53] Hussein`s letter of February 18, 1916, McMahon appealed for 50,000 pounds of gold, more weapons, ammunition and food, saying Feisal was waiting for «no less than 100,000 people» to arrive for the planned revolt and McMahon`s response of 10 March 1916 confirming British approval of the applications and concluding the ten letters from correspondents. In April and May, Sykes discussed the benefits of a meeting in which Picot and the Arabs participated to network each other`s wishes. At the same time, logistics have been dealt with in the context of the promised revolt, and there has been growing impatience with what Hussein should do. Finally, at the end of April, McMahon was informed of the terms of Sykes-Picot and Grey and agreed that they would not be disclosed to the Arabs. [54] [55]:57-60 The formal agreements between Great Britain, France and Russia included the eleven letters below. The French elected Picot as French High Commissioner for the soon-to-be-occupied territory of Syria and Palestine. The British appointed Sykes political chief of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. On April 3, 1917, Sykes met Lloyd George, Curzon and Hankey to receive his instructions on the matter, namely to keep the French on their side as they pushed towards a British Palestine. First Sykes in early May, then by chance, Picot and Sykes visited the Hejaz together in May to discuss the agreement with Fayçal and Hussein.

[55]166 Hussein was persuaded to accept a formula that the French of Syria would follow the same policy as the British in Baghdad. As Hussein believed that Baghdad would be part of the Arab state, he was finally satisfied with this. Subsequent reports from participants expressed doubts as to the exact nature of the discussions and the degree to which Hussein had actually been informed of the Sykes-Picot conditions. [61] One hundred years ago, on 16 May 1916, representatives of the United Kingdom and France (with the agreement of Russia) met in secret and signed the so-called «Sykes-Picot» agreement. The pact, signed during World War I, divided the Ottoman Empire into spheres of imperial control and is often held responsible for building the current borders of the Middle East. At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. The imposition of European «nation states» in the Middle East has led to societies deeply divided because of the straight lines drawn on tribal areas, on the map annexed to the 1916 agreement between Great Britain and France in Asia Minor , also known as the Sykes Picot Agreement.

The agreement has been heavily criticized in recent years, particularly after the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, because for many its borders are not only a symbol of foreign imperialism, but also reflect what they see as the lack of understanding of the Middle East – then and now – by world leaders. Ethnic groups were divided across borders and, when religious violence erupted in Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein, many syke-picot groups accused of pitting ethnic groups against each other.

Por |2020-12-18T03:03:57+00:00diciembre 18th, 2020|Sin categoría|Sin comentarios

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